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姓名 石大禹(Da-yu Shih) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 環境管理研究所(Graduate Institute of Environmental Management)
畢業學位 碩士(Master) 畢業時期 90學年第1學期
論文名稱(中) 永續發展之路 : ISO 9001, ISO14040與環境化設計之管理模式研究
論文名稱(英) Roadmap to the Sustainability: A Managerial Model of Integrating ISO 9001, ISO14040 and Design for the Environment (DfE)
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論文語文/頁數 中文/106
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摘要(中) 摘要
致力於科技的創新,或將可能使得「有限之地球資源」及「熱力學第一及第二定律」不再成為實現「永續發展」之限制,又當目前科技的改變尚無法有效的操控可再生性資源時,企業可藉由管理技術之思維創新,亦即將污染預防之概念推前到產品設計階段,將產品於其出生到死亡間之生命週期所產生的環境衝擊,提前於產品設計階段予以考量,這種「環境化設計(design for the environment,DfE)」之概念,將可由管理之源頭來保育我們有限的資源和環境。緣此,本研究的目的首在由供應鏈之管理角度來分析企業活動中,哪些為構成DfE之要素,接著採用台灣產業界廣為應用之ISO 9001:2000及ISO14040:1997國際標準,並透過IDEF0模擬語言(Integration DEFinition for Function Modeling Language 0)予以進一步分解、建構及整合之DfE管理模式。本研究所提出並建構之「具備管理特性之DfE(management based DfE,MbDfE)」管理模式,其除了擁有傳統之DfE功能,亦具有管理法則(management discipline)之特性,因此將可為企業的永續經營以及環境的永續發展提供一個雙贏的機會。
【關鍵字】:永續發展,IDEF0,ISO 9001,ISO14040,MbDfE
Abstract
Earth’s limited resources poses a challenge as how to continuously improve our living standard and to mitigate conflict between environment conservation and economic development. Sustainable development appears to hold the key to resolving this conflict. However, the First and Second Law of Thermodynamics complicates efforts to comply with sustainable development, from which innovative technologies offer a viable solution. Still, current technological capabilities can not conserve the earth’s resources efficiently. This study presents a management based DfE model (MbDfE) capable of integrating design for the environment (DfE) principles into product design by adopting the IDEF0 modeling language to combine ISO9001 and ISO14040. In addition to identifying environmental aspects, the proposed MbDfE model integrates them into the product design process. Results in this study demonstrate that the proposed MbDfE model, not only has the functions of DfE, but also has the characteristics of management discipline and it is believed that this MbDfE model can enhance market competitiveness and environmental conditions simultaneously.
【Keywords】: Sustainable development, IDFE0, ISO 9001, ISO 14040, Management based DfE (MbDfE)
摘要(英) None
關鍵字(中)
  • MbDfE
  • ISO14040
  • ISO 9001
  • IDEF0
  • 永續發展
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • IDEF0
  • ISO 9001
  • Management based DfE (MbDfE)
  • ISO14040
  • Sustainable development
  • 論文目次 目錄
    誌謝………………………………………………………………………………………i
    中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………………ii
    英文摘要…………………………………………………………………………………iii
    目錄………………………………………………………………………………………iv
    圖目錄……………………………………………………………………………………vii
    表目錄………………………………………………………………………………….…ix
    第壹章    緒論………………………………………………………………………………1
    第貳章    研究目的,方法及限制………………………………………………………..3
    第一節    研究目的……………………………………………………………………3
    第二節    研究方法……………………………………………………………….…...3
      一、文獻彙整概論……………………………………………………………..3
      二、IDEF0分析………………………………………………………………..4
    第三節    研究限制……………………………………………………………………7
    一、 模式比較對象……………………………………………………………..7
    二、 個案探討…………………………………………………………………..7
    第參章    永續發展…………………………………………………………………………8
    第一節 永續發展之歷程……………………………………………………………8
    第二節 永續發展之前景……………………………………………………………9
    第肆章    為環境化設計(DfE)………………………….………………………………12
    第一節 DfE之定義…………………………………………………………………12
    第二節 為何採用 DfE……………………………………………………………...12
    一、 宏觀面向之探討:管理創新、環境庫茲涅曲線、環境經濟模式…….12
    二、 微觀面向之探討…………………………………………………………..17
    第三節 DfE 現況分析……………………………………………………………...29
    一、 美國環保署………………………………………………………………..29
    二、 國際標準組織……………………………………………………………..31
    三、 聯合國環境規劃署………………………………………………………..31
    第四節 DfE與LCA………………………………………………………………....34
    一、 環境考量面,環境衝擊…………………………………………………..35
    二、 ISO 14040:1997生命週期評估技術…………………………………...…35
    第五節 全球環境議題以及DfE…………………………………………………….38
    一、 全球環境議題……………………………………………………..………38
    二、 DfE策略……………………………………………………………...……40
    第伍章 MbDfE管理模式之企業活動要素鑑別及模式建構…………………………...44
    第一節 為何採用MbDfE:被動性(reactive)vs.積極主動性(proactive)…...44
    第二節 MbDfE之企業活動要素鑑別……………………………………………...45
    一、 企業傳統之設計流程……………………………………………………..45
    二、 生命週期評估(LCA)…………………………………………………..46
    三、 企業採購活動之早期參與,以及供應商之管理………………………..46
    四、 企業內部之溝通活動,以及與供應商之溝通…………………….…….47
    五、 產品特性鑑別,以及客戶溝通…………………………………………..49
    第三節 模式比較……………………………………………………………………51
    第四節 整合ISO 9001、ISO 14040管理法則之MbDfE管理模式建構………...52
    一、 第一階段:MbDfE管理模式之母-子階層展開…………………………53
    二、 第二階段:MbDfE管理模式之子活動ICOMs建構……………………54
    三、 第三階段:MbDfE管理模式建構………………………………………..66
    第陸章 結論與建議………………………………………………………………..……...73
    參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………….76-84
    圖目
    圖2-1:本研究方法之流程以及IDEF0之ICOM基本要項………………………….6
    圖3-1:永續低廢棄物社會或永續具有地球性智慧的社會…………………………10
    圖4-1:傳統之經濟模式………………………………………………………………14
    圖4-2:環境庫茲涅曲線………………………………………………………………15
    圖4-3:環境經濟模式…...…………………………………………………………….16
    圖4-4:透過環境管理提昇企業競爭…………………………………………………18
    圖4-5:透過環境管理降低成本………………………………………………………18
    圖4-6:透過環境管理增加產品差異性……………………………………………….20
    圖4-7:DfE之內部驅動力……………………………………………………………..23
    圖4-8:DfE之外部驅動力……………………………………………………….…….26
    圖4-9:概念上的十字路口……………………………………………………………..27
    圖4-10:預防之階梯……………………………………………………………………28
    圖4-11:US EPA之DfE模式理念…………………………………………………..…29
    圖4-12:產品設計及環境衝擊之概念模式……………………………………………32
    圖4-13:生命週期評估之各階段互動關係圖…………………………………………37
    圖5-1:線性設計及發展系統…………………………………………………………..48
    圖5-2:線性之溝通……………………………………………………………………..48
    圖5-3:放射狀且雙向的溝通…………………………………………………………..49
    圖5-4:MbDfE之企業活動要素……………………………………………………….50
    圖5-5:管理法則暨MbDfE企業活動要素對應展開圖………………………………55
    圖5-6:MbDfE母–子階層展開圖…………………………………………………….56
    圖5-7:A21之ICOMs………………………………………………………………….60
    圖5-8:A221之ICOMs…………………………………………………………….…..60
    圖5-9:A222之ICOMs…………………………………………………………….…..60
    圖5-10:A223之ICOMs……………………………………………………………….61
    圖5-11:A224之ICOMs……………………………………………………………….61
    圖5-12:A225之ICOMs…………………………………………………………….....61
    圖5-13:A226之ICOMs……………………………………………………………….62
    圖5-14:A1之ICOMs………………………………………………………………….62
    圖5-15:A31之ICOMs…………………………………………………………………63
    圖5-16:A32之ICOMs…………………………………………………………………63
    圖5-17:A4之ICOMs…………………………………………………………………..64
    圖5-18:A51之ICOMs…………………………………………………………………64
    圖5-19:A52之ICOMs…………………………………………………………………65
    圖5-20:A6之ICOMs………………………………………………………………..…65
    圖5-21:ISO9001,ISO14040,MbDfE整合管理模式……………………………….72
    表目
    表4-1:降低成本策略………………………………………………………….…………19
    表4-2:增加產品差異性策略………………………………………………………….…21
    表4-3:US EPA 之DfE 模式說明………………………………………………….…...30
    表4-4:US EPA 之DfE過程說明…………………………………………………….....30
    表4-5:UNEP之DfE執行步驟……………………………………………………….....33
    表4-6:全球環境議題之影響範圍分類表……………………………………………….38
    表4-7:全球環境議題之環境衝擊分類表……………………………………………….39
    表4-8:環境衝擊及DfE策略之應用…………………………………………………….40
    表4-9:未來能源預測…………………………………………………………………….42
    表5-1:UNEP,ISO,US EPA,與本研究之DfE模式之比較………………………..52
    表5-2:MbDfE整合管理模式之ICOMs彙整……………………………………….….56
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    口試委員
  • 胡憲倫 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2001-12-28 繳交日期 2002-06-30

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